Monday, December 18, 2017

The Suffering Savior (Part 3) – The Gospels Merged

June 16, 2012 by  
Filed under Daily Manna, Monthly Articles

Section 154 – Jesus Sentenced to Death

(Mt.27:24-31; Mk.15:15-20; Lk.23:24-25; Jn.19:1-16) 1 So when Pilate saw that he was getting nowhere –but instead that a riot was starting– he took water and washed his hands in front of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this Man’s blood. –It is your responsibility.” And all the people answered, “His blood be on us, and on our children!” 2 Wishing to satisfy the crowd, 3 Pilate decided that their demand should be granted, and 2 released for them Barabbas 3 –the man they were asking for who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder– but he delivered Jesus to their will. 4 So Pilate then took Jesus 2 and –after having Jesus flogged– he handed Him over to be crucified. 1 Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus 2 away into the palace (that is, the Praetorium), and they 1 gathered 2 together the whole Roman battalion 1 around Him. They stripped Him and put a 2 purpleish-1scarlet robe on Him, and after twisting together a crown of thorns, they put it on His head, and put a reed in His right hand. Then 4 they began to come up to Him, and 1 kneeling down before Him they mocked Him 2 and they began to acclaim Him, 1 saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!” 4 –and to give Him slaps in the face. 1 They spit on Him, and took the reed and 2 they kept beating 1 Him on the head 2 with the reed –and spitting on Him, and kneeling and bowing before Him. 4 Then Pilate came outside again and said to them, “Look, I am bringing Him out to you to let you know that I find no guilt in Him.” So Jesus came out, wearing the crown of thorns and the purple robe, and Pilate said to them, “See –here is the Man!” So when the chief priests and the guards saw Him, they cried out saying, “Crucify! Crucify Him!” Pilate said to them, “Take Him yourselves and crucify Him, for I find no guilt in Him.” The Jews answered him, “We have a law, and according to that law He ought to die because He made Himself out to be the Son of God.” So when Pilate heard this statement, he was even more afraid; and he entered into the Praetorium again and said to Jesus, “Where are You from?” But Jesus gave him no answer. “Do you refuse to speak to me?” Pilate said to Him. “Don’t You realize that I have power to release You –and I have power to crucify You?” Jesus answered, “You would have no power at all over Me, unless it had been given you from above –for this reason he who handed Me over to you has the greater sin.” As a result of this, Pilate kept trying to release Him; but the Jews kept shouting, “If you release this Man, you are no friend of Caesar! Anyone who makes himself out to be a king opposes Caesar.” Therefore when Pilate heard these words, he brought Jesus out and sat down on the judgment seat at a place called The Pavement (but in Hebrew, Gabbatha). Now it was the day of Preparation of the Passover week –it was C approaching noon. “Here is your King!” Pilate said to the Jews. But they shouted, “Take Him away! Take Him away! Crucify Him!” “Shall I crucify your King?” Pilate said to them. “We have no king but Caesar!” The chief priests answered. So finally, Pilate handed Jesus over to them to be crucified. 2 After they had mocked Him, they took the purpleish-1scarlet 2 robe off ofHim and put His own clothes on Him. Then they led Him away to crucify Him.

Section 155 – The Crucifixion at Golgotha

(Mt.27:32-38; Mk.15:21-28; Lk.23:26-34; Jn.19:17-24) 4 So they took Jesus, and He went out, bearing His own cross. 1 And as they were going out, 3 they seized a man 2 (a passer-by who was coming in from the country, 1 whom they pressed into service), 1 –a Cyrenian named Simon– 3 and they placed the cross on him to carry behind Jesus. And a large crowd of the people followed Him, including women who mourned and wailed for Him. But Jesus turned and said to them, “Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weeping for Me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. Because look: The days are coming when they will say, ‘Blessed are the barren women, and the wombs that never bore a child, and the breasts that never nursed.’ D ” ‘Then they will begin to say to the mountains, ‘Fall on us!’ and to the hills, ‘Cover us!’ –for if they do these things when the tree is green, what will happen when it is dry?” 3 And two others, who were criminals, were also led away with him to be put to death. And when 2 they brought him 3 to the place called the “Skull,” 4 (which is called Golgotha in Hebrew), 2 they offerred him wine to drink, mixed with myrrh 1 and gall –but 1 after tasting it, he would not drink it. 4 There they cricified him 2 –it was E around mid-morning. 3 But Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they’re doing.” 1 And with him 2 they crucified 3 the criminals, 2 two robbers, 4 one on either side, and Jesus in between; 2 [and the scripture was fulfilled which says, “He was counted with the transgressors.”] 4 Pilate also wrote a notice, and 1 they put it 4 on the cross above his head, 2 and the written charge against him read: 1 “This is 4 Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews.” Many of the Jews read this notice, because the place where Jesus was crucified was near the city, and it was written in Hebrew, Greek and Latin. So the chief priests of the Jews said to Pilate, “Do not write, ‘The King of the Jews,’ but ‘He said I am King of the Jews.’ ” Pilate answered, “What I have written, I have written.” When the soldiers had crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, separating them into four parts, a part to each soldier, with the tunic undergarment remaining. 2They cast lots for them, to see what part each should take. 4 But the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom, so they said to each other, “Let’s not tear it, but cast lots for it, to decide whose it will be.” This happened, so that the scripture might be fulfilled which says, “They divided my garments among themselves, and for my clothing they cast lots.” Therefore, the soldiers did these things. And sitting down, they kept watch over him there. (Mt.27:39-44; Mk.15:29-32; Lk.23:35-43; Jn.19:25-27) The people stood there, watching; 2 and those passing by hurled insults at him, wagging their heads, and saying, “Ha! You who were going to ‘destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days,’ –save yourself !” . . .”If you are the Son of God, come down from the cross!” In the same way, also the chief priests, 2 mocking him to one another with the law-teachers 1 and elders, said, “He ‘saved’ others; but he cannot save himself!” . . .3 “Let him save himself, if he is the ‘Christ of God, the Chosen One.’ ” . . .1 “He is the ‘King’ of Israel, 2 –let ‘the Christ, the King of Israel’ come down now from the cross, that we may see and believe 1 in him.” …”He trusts in God; let God rescue him now, if He wants him, for he said, ‘I AM the Son of God.’ ” 3 And the soldiers also mocked him, coming up to him and offering him vinegar, and saying, “If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!” –for also there was an inscription above Him, which read: “This is the King of the Jews.” 1 The robbers who were crucified with him, also insulted him in the same way, 3 and one of the criminals who hung there, hurled abuse at him, saying, “Aren’t you the Christ?! Save yourself and us!” But the other criminal answered and rebuked him, saying, “Don’t you even fear God, because you are under the same sentence? And we indeed justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve, but this man has done nothing wrong.” And he said, “Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.” Jesus answered him, “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in Paradise.” Now it was about twelve noon, 4 and standing by the cross of Jesus were his mother and his mother’s sister, also Mary the wife of Clopas, and Mary of Magdalene. When Jesus saw his mother and the disciple he loved standing near, he said to his mother, “Dear woman, here is your son,” and he said to the disciple, “Here is your mother.” And from that time, the disciple took her into his own home.

Section 157 – The Death of Jesus

(Mt. 27:45-50; Mk.15:33-37; Lk. 23:44-45a,46; Jn.19:28-30) 1 Now from twelve noon until three in the afternoon, there was darkness over all the land, 3because the sun was obscured. 2 And at three o’clock Jesus cried out with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lama sabachthani?” which being translated means: “My God, My God, why have You forsaken Me?” 1 And when some of those standing there heard this, they said, 2 “Listen, he’s 1 calling Elijah.” 4 After this, knowing that all things were now completed, and so that the scripture might be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I thirst.” Now a vessel full of vinegar was standing there, 1 and immediately one of them ran and, taking a sponge, he filled it with the vinegar, and put it on a 4 hyssop 1 reed 4 and brought it up to his mouth 1 to drink. But the others said, 2 “Wait, let’s see if Elijah will come to take him down, 1to save him.” 4 When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, 1 he cried out again with a loud voice, 4 “It is finished!” 3 And Jesus called out loudly, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” 3 And having said this, 4 he bowed his head, 3 breathed his last, 4 and gave up his spirit.

Section 158 – The Curtain of the Temple is Torn

(Mt. 27:51-56; Mk.15:38-41; Lk. 23:45b,47-49) 1 And at that moment, the curtain of the temple was torn in two from top to bottom. 3 Now when the centurion, 2 who was standing there in front of Him, saw the way He [cried out and] breathed His last 3 –he praised God, and said, “Certainly this man was innocent!” 1 Then the earth shook –and the rocks were split. The tombs also were opened, and the bodies of many of the saints who had “fallen asleep” were raised to life. They came out of the tombs –and after His resurrection they entered the holy city and appeared to many people. When the centurion and those who were with him keeping guard over Jesus saw the earthquake and the things that were happening, they were terrified, and said, “Truly this man was the Son of God!” 3 And all the crowds who had gathered to see this spectacle, when they observed what had happened, returned home beating their breasts. And all His acquaintances and the women who had followed Him from Galilee were standing at a distance, and saw these things 2 –among whom were Mary Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger and of Joses, and Salome 1 –the mother of the sons of Zebedee. 2 When He was in Galilee, they followed Him and ministered to Him –and many other women also had come up with Him to Jerusalem. (Jn. 19:31-37) 4 Now since it was the day of Preparation –so that the bodies would not remain on the cross on the Sabbath (for that Sabbath was a very important one)– the Jews asked Pilate to have their legs broken, and that they might be taken away. So the soldiers came, and broke the legs of the first man and of the other who had been crucified with Him; but when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs. Instead, one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear –and immediately blood and water came out. And he who saw it has testified, and his testimony is true. He knows that he is telling the truth –so that you also may believe. For these things happened so that the Scripture might be fulfilled: E “Not one of His bones will be broken;” –and again, another Scripture says, F “They will look at Him whom they pierced.”

Section 159 – The Burial of Jesus

(Mt. 27:57-61; Mk.15:42-47; Lk. 23:50-56; Jn.19:38-42) 3 Now there was a man named Joseph 1 (a rich man from 3 the Jewish town of Arimathea), 3 who was a member of the Council, and good and righteous man. 1 He himself had also become a disciple of Jesus 4 –but secretly, for fear of the Jews– 3 who had not consented to their plan and action, and was looking for the kingdom of God. 4 So, after these events, 2 when evening had come (because it was the preparation day, that is, the day before the Sabbath) 2 Joseph of Arimathea came; and gathering up courage, he went in before Pilate and asked 4 that he might take away the body of Jesus. 2 But Pilate was wondering if He were already dead, so –summoning the centurion– he questioned him as to whether He was already dead. 1 Then 2 when he learned this from the centurion, 1 Pilate ordered it to be given to him 2 –he granted the body to Joseph. 4 So 1 Joseph 2 bought some new linen cloth, and 4 came and 2 took Him down, 4 and took His body away. 4 And Nicodemus –who had at first come to Him by night– also came along, bringing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, weighing about seventy-five pounds. So they took the body of Jesus, and wrapped it –with the spices– in linnen cloths, as is the burial custom of the Jews. 4 Now in the place where He was crucified there was a garden, and in the garden was a new tomb, 1 which Joseph had hewn out in the rock –his own new tomb– 4 in which no one had ever been laid. So because 3 it was 4 the Jewish day of preparation 3 and the Sabbath was about to begin 4 –since the tomb was nearby– they laid Jesus there; 1 and he rolled a huge stone against the entrance of the tomb and went away. 3 Now the women 1 –Mary Magdalene and the other Mary, the mother of Joses– 3 who had come with Him out of Galilee, followed behind. 1 Sitting across from the tomb, 3 they saw the tomb and how His body was laid. Then they returned home and prepared spices and perfumes. But they rested on the Sabbath according to the commandment.

Section 160 – The Sealing and Guarding of the Tomb

(Mt. 27:62-66) 1 Now on the next day –which was the day after Preparation Day– the chief priests and the Pharisees assembled before Pilate, and they said, “Sir, we remember that –while He was still alive– that deceiver said, ‘After three days I will rise again.’ Therefore, give an order for the tomb to be made secure until the third day. Otherwise His disciples may come and steal Him away and tell the people, ‘He has risen from the dead,’ –and the last deception will be worse than the first.” “You have a guard of soldiers,” Pilate said to them, “go, make it as secure as you can.” So they went and made the tomb secure, by sealing the stone and posting the guard.

NOTES: Sec.150 – AHere Matthew combines concepts from Zech. 11:12-13 and Jer. 19:1-13 and Jer. 32:6-9, but credits all of it to the major prophet, Jeremiah; Sec.154 – CLit. “nearly the sixth hour” or “almost noon” (Jn. 19:14), which places the end of the trial at a while before noon –remembering that time-keeping was rough in ancient times and this is surely an approximation which does not contradict the time of the cricifixion given in the next section; Sec.155 – DHos. 10:8; ELit. “the third hour,” (Mk. 15:25) –around 9 am– is given as the time of the crucifixion, which in ancient rough time-approximations would also be a while before mid-day (ref. Leon Morris, The Gospel According to John, New Int’l Commentary, 1971, p.801); Sec.158 – EEx. 12:46; Num. 9:12; Psa. 34:20; FZech. 12:10;

 

“No Contradictions:
Four Gospels Merged: A Harmony”

by R. Totten (c) 2003

http://worldview3.50webs.com/GospMrgIndex.html


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